COMPUESTOS FUNCIONALES PRESENTES EN LA CERVEZA Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA SALUD.

  • Roberto Ordoñez Araque Universidad Iberoamericana del Ecuador, Quito.
Palabras clave: Cerveza, compuestos bioactivos, compuestos fenólicos, xanthohumol.

Resumen

La cerveza es una bebida milenaria elaborada a partir de varios procesos biotecnológicos a base de agua, cebada, lúpulo y levadura. Estos elementos otorgan a la cerveza una gran variedad de compuestos funcionales o bioactivos los cuales han sido de interés científico por su efectividad para el tratamiento de enfermedades causadas por estrés oxidativo como el cáncer y la ateroesclerosis. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo identificar los principales componentes bioactivos en la cerveza y su influencia en la salud humana. Se realizó una revisión sistemática consultando en 53 artículos de las principales bases de datos entre los años 2012- 2019. Los resultados más importantes encontrados fueron que los compuestos funcionales en la cerveza provienen en un 70% de la malta de cebada y el 30% del lúpulo, los principales son los compuestos fenólicos (Flavonoles, cumarinas, catequinas, proantocianidinas di y trioligoméricas, chalconas preniladas, isoxanthohumol, xanthohumol, desmetilxanthohumol, 6 y 8-prenilnaringenina. Ácido benzoico, cinámico, protocatecuico, gálico, sinápico, ferúlico y pcúmarico). Conocer los compuestos funcionales presentes en la cerveza nos permitirá analizar las principales acciones terapéuticas de estos compuestos en la salud humana si se tiene una ingesta de la bebida con moderación.

Biografía del autor/a

Roberto Ordoñez Araque, Universidad Iberoamericana del Ecuador, Quito.

COMPUESTOS FUNCIONALES PRESENTES EN LA CERVEZA Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA SALUD en la Universidad Iberoamericana del Ecuador, Quito.

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Publicado
2019-11-15
Cómo citar
Ordoñez Araque, R. (2019). COMPUESTOS FUNCIONALES PRESENTES EN LA CERVEZA Y SU INFLUENCIA EN LA SALUD. Revista Científica Qualitas, 17(17), 105-125. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.unibe.edu.ec/index.php/qualitas/article/view/5
Sección
SALUD INTEGRAL Y TERAPIAS HOLÍSTICAS